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x^{2}-3x-28=0
Subtract 28 from both sides.
a+b=-3 ab=-28
To solve the equation, factor x^{2}-3x-28 using formula x^{2}+\left(a+b\right)x+ab=\left(x+a\right)\left(x+b\right). To find a and b, set up a system to be solved.
1,-28 2,-14 4,-7
Since ab is negative, a and b have the opposite signs. Since a+b is negative, the negative number has greater absolute value than the positive. List all such integer pairs that give product -28.
1-28=-27 2-14=-12 4-7=-3
Calculate the sum for each pair.
a=-7 b=4
The solution is the pair that gives sum -3.
\left(x-7\right)\left(x+4\right)
Rewrite factored expression \left(x+a\right)\left(x+b\right) using the obtained values.
x=7 x=-4
To find equation solutions, solve x-7=0 and x+4=0.
x^{2}-3x-28=0
Subtract 28 from both sides.
a+b=-3 ab=1\left(-28\right)=-28
To solve the equation, factor the left hand side by grouping. First, left hand side needs to be rewritten as x^{2}+ax+bx-28. To find a and b, set up a system to be solved.
1,-28 2,-14 4,-7
Since ab is negative, a and b have the opposite signs. Since a+b is negative, the negative number has greater absolute value than the positive. List all such integer pairs that give product -28.
1-28=-27 2-14=-12 4-7=-3
Calculate the sum for each pair.
a=-7 b=4
The solution is the pair that gives sum -3.
\left(x^{2}-7x\right)+\left(4x-28\right)
Rewrite x^{2}-3x-28 as \left(x^{2}-7x\right)+\left(4x-28\right).
x\left(x-7\right)+4\left(x-7\right)
Factor out x in the first and 4 in the second group.
\left(x-7\right)\left(x+4\right)
Factor out common term x-7 by using distributive property.
x=7 x=-4
To find equation solutions, solve x-7=0 and x+4=0.
x^{2}-3x=28
All equations of the form ax^{2}+bx+c=0 can be solved using the quadratic formula: \frac{-b±\sqrt{b^{2}-4ac}}{2a}. The quadratic formula gives two solutions, one when ± is addition and one when it is subtraction.
x^{2}-3x-28=28-28
Subtract 28 from both sides of the equation.
x^{2}-3x-28=0
Subtracting 28 from itself leaves 0.
x=\frac{-\left(-3\right)±\sqrt{\left(-3\right)^{2}-4\left(-28\right)}}{2}
This equation is in standard form: ax^{2}+bx+c=0. Substitute 1 for a, -3 for b, and -28 for c in the quadratic formula, \frac{-b±\sqrt{b^{2}-4ac}}{2a}.
x=\frac{-\left(-3\right)±\sqrt{9-4\left(-28\right)}}{2}
Square -3.
x=\frac{-\left(-3\right)±\sqrt{9+112}}{2}
Multiply -4 times -28.
x=\frac{-\left(-3\right)±\sqrt{121}}{2}
Add 9 to 112.
x=\frac{-\left(-3\right)±11}{2}
Take the square root of 121.
x=\frac{3±11}{2}
The opposite of -3 is 3.
x=\frac{14}{2}
Now solve the equation x=\frac{3±11}{2} when ± is plus. Add 3 to 11.
x=7
Divide 14 by 2.
x=\frac{-8}{2}
Now solve the equation x=\frac{3±11}{2} when ± is minus. Subtract 11 from 3.
x=-4
Divide -8 by 2.
x=7 x=-4
The equation is now solved.
x^{2}-3x=28
Quadratic equations such as this one can be solved by completing the square. In order to complete the square, the equation must first be in the form x^{2}+bx=c.
x^{2}-3x+\left(-\frac{3}{2}\right)^{2}=28+\left(-\frac{3}{2}\right)^{2}
Divide -3, the coefficient of the x term, by 2 to get -\frac{3}{2}. Then add the square of -\frac{3}{2} to both sides of the equation. This step makes the left hand side of the equation a perfect square.
x^{2}-3x+\frac{9}{4}=28+\frac{9}{4}
Square -\frac{3}{2} by squaring both the numerator and the denominator of the fraction.
x^{2}-3x+\frac{9}{4}=\frac{121}{4}
Add 28 to \frac{9}{4}.
\left(x-\frac{3}{2}\right)^{2}=\frac{121}{4}
Factor x^{2}-3x+\frac{9}{4}. In general, when x^{2}+bx+c is a perfect square, it can always be factored as \left(x+\frac{b}{2}\right)^{2}.
\sqrt{\left(x-\frac{3}{2}\right)^{2}}=\sqrt{\frac{121}{4}}
Take the square root of both sides of the equation.
x-\frac{3}{2}=\frac{11}{2} x-\frac{3}{2}=-\frac{11}{2}
Simplify.
x=7 x=-4
Add \frac{3}{2} to both sides of the equation.